Perlawanan Gerakan Guru Pasca Orde Baru di Indonesia: Studi Pada Federasi Serikat Guru Indonesia (FSGI)

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Abstrak

Penelitian ini berangkat dari fenomena menjamurnya gerakan guru pasca jatuhnya rezim Orde Baru. Guru yang tergabung dalam serikat guru memperjuangkan kualitas pendidikan dan keadilan sosial dalam pendidikan. Salah satu serikat guru yang fokus terhadap misi tersebut adalah Federasi Serikat Guru Indonesia (FSGI). Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah menjabarkan bagaimana perjuangan yang dilakukan oleh FSGI dalam mewujudkan pendidikan yang berkualitas dan berkeadilan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dengan mengombinasikan beberapa metode pengumpulan data, yakni observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan survey. Sementara itu, hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa gerakan yang dilakukan oleh FSGI didorong dua hal, yaitu perubahan struktur peluang politik (political opportunity structure) secara eksternal dan proses reproduksi sumber daya gerakan (resource mobilization) secara internal. Perubahan struktur politik di Indonesia terlihat sejak munculnya kebebasan berorganisasi yang tertuang dalam UU No. 14 tahun 2005 tentang guru dan dosen. Adapun peran FSGI adalah mereproduksi sumber daya gerakan dengan sumber daya material dan jaringan yang kuat terhadap organisasi lainnya. Kedua hal inilah yang menggiring FSGI dalam mewujudkan pendidikan yang berkualitas dan berkeadilan di Indonesia.

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Subjek
Sosiologi, Sosiologi Pergerakan Sosial
Disiplin Ilmu
Sosiologi
Cara Mengutip
Afdhal, A., & Hidayat, R. (2019). Perlawanan Gerakan Guru Pasca Orde Baru di Indonesia: Studi Pada Federasi Serikat Guru Indonesia (FSGI). Indonesian Journal of Sociology, Education, and Development, 1(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.52483/ijsed.v1i1.1
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